Revised Site (July 2015)
Belfast Group Poetry|Networks was created by a team of individuals who played many different roles. In connection with the Collaborators’ Bill of Rights, we have asked individual team members to choose the language that best describes their work on the project.
- Rebecca Sutton Koeser (Emory LITS senior software engineer), project proposer and lead; technical lead
- Brian Croxall (Digital Humanities Strategist and Lecturer of English), project management and deputy project leader
- Alice Hickcox (Digital Text Specialist), original Belfast Group website manager, TEI expert
- Elizabeth Russey Roke (Digital Archivist), EAD and RDF consultant
- Kevin Glover (Emory LITS senior software engineer), site design and style
- Tonia Edwards (LITS software development project manager), project management
- Sarita Alami, Katie Rawson, Bryan Chitwood (ECDS graduate students), encoded names, organizations, and places in EAD and TEI XML
- Alex Thomas and Kyle W. Bock (Emory LITS software engineers), contributed to namedropper oXygen XML plugin
Original Site (circa 2000)
Belfast Group Poetry|Networks builds on Emory’s original Belfast Group website that launched circa 2000. A copy of that site is still accessible via the Internet Archive. That site was also a collaborative effort, and we list here the different team members responsible for that original project. We have included their current positions—as of December 2014—in parentheses.
- Chuck Spornick, Beck Center Director (Director of Services for the Robert W. Woodruff Library at Emory University)
- Stephen Enniss, Modern Literature Curator, Special Collections (Director of the Harry Ransom Center at the University of Texas in Austin)
- Alice Hickcox, technical staff (Digital Text Specialist in the Emory Center for Digital Scholarship)
- Susan Wells Parham, library staff, intern (Research Data Project Librarian at Georgia Tech’s Library and Information Center)
- Katherine Ellison, student assistant (Associate Professor of English at Illinois State University)
- Scott Ellis, student assistant (Professor of English at Southern Connecticut State University)
- Jason Lemon, student assistant (Dean of Professional and Continuing Education at the University of San Diego)
- Stewart Varner, Woodruff Fellow and Beck Fellow (Digital Scholarship Librarian the University of North Carolina’s Davis Library)
- Marianne Schneider, web design (Senior Multimedia Developer for Emory College)
- Rebecca Sutton Koeser, student assistant, programmer (Senior Software Engineer in Library and Information Technology Services at Emory University)
When the Belfast Group met, the authors read their in-progress work from “Group sheets.” These Group sheets are held by Emory’s Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library (MARBL) and the Library at Queen’s University Belfast.
For the original Belfast Group site, select poets gave permissions for Group sheets with drafts of their poems to be digitized and published. Since these are drafts, some of the poems differ from their published versions.
We are grateful to the following poets for their willingness to allow their drafts to be digitized and published:
- Ciaran Carson
- Seamus Heaney
- Philip Hobsbaum
- Brendan Kennelly
- Michael Longley
- Paul Muldoon
- James Simmons
Photographs used in Belfast Group Poetry|Networks come from collections in MARBL, the British Library, the Associated Press, The Gallery Press, Wake Forest University Press, and other repositories. Rosemary Hobsbaum kindly provided images from her family papers. Images provided by named photographers are copyright protected and included here with permission and license to use. Any further re-use by users of the site requires permission from the individual photographers.
We are grateful to the following photographers for their assistance:
- Rachel Brown
- Gerry Cambridge
- John Gilbert
- Larry Herman
- Laurencine Lot
- Marina Masinova
- Francesc Melcion
Images provided by Larry Herman are copyright protected and included here with permission and license to use. Any further re-use by users of the site requires permission from Larry Herman.
In addition to the various members of the team, the following individuals provided critical information during the research process:
- Heather Clark
- Stephen Enniss
- Geraldine Higgins
- Hannah Hobsbaum
- Joan Watton Newmann
- Marilynn Richtarik
To better represent the relationships of the authors working in the Belfast Group and to connect the information in the archival finding aids with the digitized texts, the Networking Belfast project developed software to enhance the TEI and EAD. We also updated the EmoryFindingAids site to expose the names and URIs now embedded in the EAD via RDFa. Finally, the Belfast Group Poetry|Networks site depends on content pulled from both TEI and EAD, combined with the use of RDF.
- Namedropper oXygen plugin
- RDFa enhanced Emory Finding Aids codebase
- Site and networks codebase (doi:10.5281/zenodo.45121)
The software developed for this project is licensed under the Apache 2.0 License.
Platforms, Libraries, and Technologies
Belfast Group Poetry|Networks depends on many different different web technologies and libraries. We are grateful to forward-thinking organizations and individual developers who make free and open-source software on which other projects may be built.
- Python (with additional Python libraries, including rdflib and networkx)
- EAD / TEI
- Twitter Bootstrap
- DBpedia Spotlight
- oXygen XML Editor
- VIAF, GeoNames
- RDF (including Dublin Core, schema.org, archival)
Both the original Belfast Group website and Belfast Group Poetry|Networks benefitted from partnership with other organizations. Emory University’s MARBL and Queen’s University Belfast provided the Group sheets. The Lewis H. Beck Center for Electronic Collections created the original Belfast Group site and acted as consultants throughout the creation of Belfast Group Poetry|Networks. Finally, the Networking Belfast project was carried out under the auspices of the Emory Center for Digital Scholarship (ECDS) in connection with its grant from the Mellon Foundation.
- Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Books Library (MARBL)
- Queen’s University Belfast Library
- The Lewis H. Beck Center for Electronic Collections
- Emory Center for Digital Scholarship (ECDS)
- The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
Belfast Group Poetry|Networks has appeared in various venues.
- “The Belfast Group’s ‘Social Network,’” Rebecca Sutton Koeser, Manuscript, Archives, & Rare Book Library 7.14 (Spring 2014): 8. Accessed 8 June 2015. Web. http://www.editionduo.com/publication/?i=203191&p=9.
- “Networking the Belfast Group through the Automated Semantic Enhancement of Existing Digital Content,” Rebecca Sutton Koeser and Brian Croxall, Journal of Digital Humanities 2.3 (2013). Web. http://journalofdigitalhumanities.org/2-3/networking-the-belfast-group-through-the-automated-semantic-enhancement-of-existing-digital-content/.
- Brian Croxall, "Literary History and Literary Data: On Networking the Belfast Group," Vanderbilt University, TN, October 2015
- Brian Croxall and Rebecca Sutton Koeser, “Semantic Notations: On Building ‘Belfast Group Poetry|Networks,’” CSDH/SCHN & ACH Digital Humanities Conference, Ottawa, ON, June 2015
- Elizabeth Russey Roke, “EAD and Social Networks: Using Enhanced EAD to Discover the Belfast Group,” Description Section at the Society of American Archivists annual meeting, New Orleans, LA, August 2013.
- Rebecca Sutton Koeser and Brian Croxall, “Networking the Belfast Group through the Automated Semantic Enhancement of Existing Digital Content,” Digital Humanities Conference, Lincoln, NE, July 2013.
- Seamus Heaney and the Classics: Bann Valley Muses. United Kingdom: OUP Oxford, 2019.
- Moi, Ruben. "Mules". In Paul Muldoon and the Language of Poetry, (Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill | Rodopi, 2019) doi:10.1163/9789004355118_004
- Moi, Ruben. Post-Good Friday Positions and Parallaxes in Sinéad Morrissey’s Poetry. In The Legacy of the Good Friday Agreement (2019): 229-246. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.
- Mustad, Jan Erik., Herbert, David. The Legacy of the Good Friday Agreement: Northern Irish Politics, Culture and Art After 1998. Germany: Springer International Publishing, 2018.
- Suhr-Sytsma, Nathan. Poetry, Print, and the Making of Postcolonial Literature. United States: Cambridge University Press, 2017.
- Bovcon, Narvika, Jure Demsar, and Ales Vaupotic. "Organiziranje projekta vizualizacije podatkov." In Proceedings of the Conference on Language Technologies & Digital Humanities 2016/Zbornik konference Jezikovne tehnologije in digitalna humanistika 2016. Univerza v Novi Gorici, 2016.
- Koeser, Rebecca Sutton. “Trusting Others to ‘Do the Math.’” Interdisciplinary Science Reviews 40, no. 4 (October 2, 2015): 376–92. doi:10.1080/03080188.2016.1165454.
- Berens, Kathi Inman. “Judy Malloy’s seat at the (database) table: A feminist reception history of early hypertext literature,” Literary and Linguistic Computing 29 (2014), doi:10.1093/llc/fqu037.
- Wisnicki, Adrian S. “Raw Power from Belfast.” Breac. September 26, 2019. https://breac.nd.edu/articles/raw-power-from-belfast/
“The Scout Report.” Internet Scout 22.25 (2016): n. pag. Web. 1 July 2016.
- Benjamin Miller, “This Week in Digital Humanities and Pedagogy,” The Journal of Interactive Technology & Pedagogy. 15 July 2015. Web. http://jitp.commons.gc.cuny.edu/this-week-in-digital-humanities-and-pedagogy-15/.
- Maureen McGavin, “Emory digital scholarship center launches Belfast Group Poetry Networks site,” Robert W. Woodruff Library News and Events. 25 June 2015. Web. http://web.library.emory.edu/news-events/news/archives/2015/belfast-poetry-group-networks.html.